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Introduction to Interior Landscape: This is the first article in the series of Interior Landscape. Here we try to understand the basics on Interior Landscape, its importance, the various elements on interior landscape and the best suited indoor plants.

Poornima Raju
Ar.Poornima Raju

About the Author

Poornima, is a passionate architect and an interior designer who has worked with different scales of projects namely residential interiors and execution. She is currently working as an architect and associated with SJB SCHOOL OF DESIGN. Her primary interests are in interiors and is delivering excellent view about emergency interior industry in India. She has vivid ways of interactions with students and enjoys their company in exploring new ideas along with students.

Introduction to Interior Landscape

Landscape is always an essential component of interior environment. Interior landscaping have marked a significant impact on human psychology. It improves indoor air quality, lower down stress, and faster recovery from illness, reduces mental fatigue and increases productivity.

The psychology of the users and their response to an interior landscape design space is primarily based on their perception on texture, color, light, sensitivity, temperature, noise of that spatial layout.


  • Removal of unstable organic compounds from the air enhancing IAQ.
  • Reducing level of CO2 in the buildings.  
  • Reducing background noise as plants absorb, reflect and refract sound, cutting down the background echoes.  
  • Cooling a building by reducing the indoor air temperature and reducing the load on air conditioning systems.


By applying a mix of the principles and elements used for outdoor plant design, including thoughtful placement and attention to form, texture, color and proportion, one can easily create an invigorating indoor landscape with houseplants, whether you have only a windowsill to work with or an entire light-filled room.

  1. Proportion: It’s all about scale
  2. Form: The three-dimensional shape of the plant.
  3. Texture: How coarse or fine the plant’s surface looks or feels.
  4. Color: Can be a landscape’s most conspicuous element.
  5. Repetition: The repeated use of elements (plants) to create a pattern or sequence.
  6. Focal point: A plant that demands attention due to its size, color, texture etc.
  7. Balance: Equal plant material on either side of a centerline.


The above mentioned plants have an unique ability to help indoor quality:

  • Plants help reduce stress and anxiety.
  • They can help you sleep better.
  • They filter the air.
  • Plants can increase productivity.
  • Plants help fight colds and allergies.

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