Model making is a visual method of representing two-dimensional design in a three-dimensional format. Architects and Interior designers use models as a means of showcasing their design thinking which enables them to explore and Model making is a visual method of representing two-dimensional design in a three-dimensional format. Architects and Interior designers use models as a means of showcasing their design thinking which enables them to explore and conceptualize their ideas. The field of design is creative hence in order to make it simpler for the common folk, model making becomes an essential tool in designing. Physical models provide us with a significant advantage, such as the ability to communicate ideas about material, form, size, and color in a quicker manner. A wide variety of models has been used extensively throughout history to explain information gaps. This is attributable to the fact as models can be highly provocative and simple to understand as a medium of expression. Models have the potential to be a relatively rich source of information, as they provide three dimensions in which to present information, and the ability to use a variety of features drawn from the real world, like size, shape, color, and texture.

Fig 1.0 (a): Miniature models of furniture
Fig 1.0 (b): Miniature models of furniture

As a model is the transformation of a 2D plane to a 3D solid, it follows the principle of the development of solids. The principle states that every line on the development should show the true length of the corresponding line on the surface which is developed.

Different methods of development include :

(a) Parallel-line development.

For developing prisms and cylinders.

(b) Radial-line development .

For developing pyramids and cones.

(c) Triangulation development.

For developing transition pieces – Tetrahedrons and other polyhedrons

(d) Approximate development.

For developing spheres.

This principle forms the basis to begin to understand the visualization of three-dimensional objects.

Fig 2.0 (a):  Development of Solids
Fig 3.0 (a):  Use of different materials

Materials used in model making:

  • Paper
  • Millboard
  • Mountboard
  • Foamboard
  • Craft paper
  • Corrugated sheet
  • Thermocol
  • Cutting mat
  • Cutter of varied blades
  • 743, Fevikwik, Gum, Fevicol
  • Binding wire
  • Wood
  • Acrylic sheet
  • MDF board

Major typologies of models used in Interior designing:

Conceptual model: This form of the model is used in representing the idea or the thought behind the design. This is mostly abstract in nature and is used to showcase the materiality, structure, color theme, concept, etc.,

Fig 4.0: Abstract models done by students of 5th Sem, B.Sc. Interior Design & Decoration

Developmental model: This model basically is used to show the progress of the evolution of design. This helps in understanding the design process and also evaluating it. The model can be used to represent the basic spatial layout, furniture layout, etc., and also to track progress. This acts similarly to the prototypical plan.

 Fig 5.0 (a): Design development to track the transformation of a cube by a student

Source: https://view.publitas.com/p222-9397/architecture-portfolio-hmcdonald/page/6

Presentation model: This is the final model that has all the necessary details like finishes, furniture, lighting, landscaping, etc., in order to represent the design in a more realistic form. This helps the interior designer communicate the design to the client directly.

 Fig 6.0 (a): Interior design model by students of 5th sem, B.Sc.-Interior Design & Decoration

Things to keep in mind while preparing an Interior design model:

  • The scale
  • The precision of detailing
  • Time management
  • Material representation
  • Material of choice
  • Budget

Model making in interiors helps in translating design thinking to reach out to the clientele. It is necessary to get a spatial idea in a 3-dimensional format as interiors deal with floor, walls, and ceiling as a single entity. Students and professionals need to include models in their design communication.

To read more from our College blog section visit: https://sjbsod.org/blog/

Join Interior Design Course

2022 Admissions Open

Want to recieve our Prospectus and know more about the admission process? Share your details and help us get in touch with you!!

Submitted Succesfully, Our team will get in touch with you within 48hrs